periodontal treatment (gum treatment)

What is gum (periodontal) disease:

Periodontal (gum) disease is an infection of the tissues that hold your teeth in place. It's typically caused by inadequate brushing and flossing habits that allow plaque—a sticky film of bacteria—to build up on the teeth and harden. In advanced stages, periodontal disease can lead to sore, bleeding gums; painful chewing problems; and even tooth loss.

What can cause periodontal disease:

Our mouths are full of bacteria. These bacteria, along with mucus and other particles, always form a sticky, colorless "plaque" on teeth. Brushing and flossing help get rid of plaque. Not removed plaque can harden and form "tartar" that brushing doesn't clean. Only a professional cleaning by a dentist or dental hygienist can remove tartar.

There are several risk factors for gum disease, but smoking is the most significant. Smoking also can make treatment for gum disease less successful. Other risk factors include diabetes; hormonal changes in girls and women; diabetes; medications that lessen the flow of saliva; certain illnesses, such as AIDS, and their medications; and genetic susceptibility.

What is the treatment for Periodontitis?

The goal of treatment is to control the infection. Any therapy requires a patient to keep up good daily care at home. The dentist may also suggest changing certain behaviors, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve your treatment results.

For more information: https://www.mouthhealthy.org/en/az-topics/p/periodoncia

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